Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences (IJRRAS) is a peer reviewed journal which aims to ensure high standards of publication ethics.

Responsibilities of the Editor and Executive Editorial Board

The Editor in Cheif, Managing Editor and Editorial board members are responsible for:

  • providing guidance to guest editors, authors and reviewers on everything that is expected of them and also a description of peer review processes;
  • evaluating manuscripts exclusively on the basis of their academic and intellectual merit, without regard to the author(s)’ race, age, gender, sexual orientation, disability, ethnic origin, religious belief, citizenship, political orientation or social class;
  • ensuring fair and unbiased peer revirew process with appropriate selection of reviewers;
  • developing and maintaining a database of suitable reviewers and updating it on the basis of reviewer performance;
  • ensuring that unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript are not used in an editor’s own research without the express written consent of the author
  • Reviewers’ Responsibilities

    The Reviewer's of International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences are responsible for:

  • timely review of the manuscript, if the Reviewer feels himself unqualifield for the review, he/she should immediately inform the Editor or Managing Editor so that alternative reviewers can be contacted;
  • the manuscript given for review, should be treated as confidential document;
  • information or ideas obtained during the reviews should be kept confidential and should not be used for personal advantage;
  • if there is copyrights infringement and plagiarism in the manuscript, the reviewer should immediately inform the Editor or Managing Editor;
  • Reviewers must evaluate manuscripts independently without any biasness regardless of the authors’ race, age, gender, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, disability, religious belief, citizenship, political orientation or social class;
  • Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
  • Authors’ Responsibilities

  • Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the manuscript. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable;
  • Authors should not submit the same manuscript simultaneously to more than one publication at a time. This constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable;
  • Authors must ensure that they have written original works and that any work or words of others authors, contributors or sources have been appropriately credited and referenced;
  • Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable;
  • Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project should be acknowledged or listed as contributors;
  • The corresponding author with the journal should ensure that all appropriate co-authors are included in the author list of the manuscript, and that there is a full consensus of all co-authors in approving the final version of the paper and its submission for publication;
  • Authors should disclose financial or other conflict of interest that might influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support should be disclosed;
  • When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editors and cooperate with them to retract or correct the manuscript.
  • Publisher’s Responsibilities

  • ensures the autonomy of editorial decisions;
  • protects intellectual property and copyright;
  • ensures that good practice is maintained to the standards defined above.
  • ensures timely publication of the accepted articles;
  • Peer-review process

    IJRRAS clearly marks that it is a peer-review journal as mentioned in the Author Guidelines. All the submitted manuscripts are initially overviewed by the Editor of the journal and then forwarded for peer-review to two reviewers. If the quality of the paper is not expected to meet the standards of the journal it is rejected in the initial phase and not forwarded for the review. If there is a conflict in the reviewer's decision, the manuscript is forwarded to a third reviewer to formulate the final decision.

    Publication ethics

    IJRRAS has formulated the publication ethics in compliance with Elsevier recommendations and COPE guidelines:
  • Scientific misconduct includes fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism by the authors.
  • Breaches of publication ethics include failure to reveal financial conflicts of interest; omitting a deserving author or adding a non-contributing author; misrepresenting publication status in the reference list (erroneously claiming that a paper is “in-press”); self-plagiarism without attribution; and duplicate or redundant publication.
  • Editorial action should be expected in breaches of publication ethics and cases of scientific misconduct. IJRRAS has adopted the principles of, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Any and all authors submitting a manuscript to IJRRAS agree to adhere to the ethical guidelines contained in the Notes for Authors, and acknowledges that they are aware of the consequences that may result following breaches of publication ethics. Consequences include notification of the breach in the journal, retraction of published articles, notification of institutional authorities, subsequent institutional investigation, and loss of privileges of publishing in the journal.
  • Redundant or duplicate publication is publication of data, tables, figures, or any other content that substantially overlaps with other material published previously or to be published in the future. This includes work published by others or any author of the manuscript submitted to IJRRAS.
  • Plagiarism is the use of others’ ideas or words without properly crediting the source. If authors include one or more sentences verbatim from another source, the original source must be cited and the sentence(s) put in quotation marks to avoid plagiarism. Authors must not use materials of others (text, figures, images, tables) without permission and attribution, including their own published work.
  • IJRRAS uses turnitin as plagraism detection technology. Manuscripts with excessive duplication will be rejected straightaway.
  • Editorial action should be expected in cases of scientific misconduct and breaches of publication ethics. Editorial actions that may be taken include notification of the breach in the journal, retraction of published articles, notification of institutional authorities, and loss of privileges of publishing in IJRRAS.
  • Copyright and access

    Open Access authors retain the copyrights of their papers, and all open access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited. The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations. While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein. The published articles are available under (CC BY-NC-ND). This license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium after formal permission, provided the original work is properly cited, is not changed in any way, and is not used for commercial purposes.


  • All of our electronic content (website, manuscripts, etc.) is stored on three different sources. Content on one server is online and accessible to the readers. The copy of the same content is kept as a backup on two other sources. In case of failure of one server, any one of the other sources can be made online and website expected to be accessible within less than 24-36 hours.
  • Our journal’s Abstracting/Indexing services store many essential information about the articles. Additionally, two of our journal’s Abstracting/Indexing services archive not only the metadata about the article, but the electronic versions of the articles, as well. Therefore, copies of the articles are available to the scientific community through their systems as an alternative to the journals own.
  • Authors may archive the final published version of their articles in personal or institutional repositories immediately.
  • Although the journal is indexed and replicated on several repositories/indexings,  the journal’s plan for electronic backup and preservation in the event if the journal is no longer published is to make available the published articles on the which is a Open-access, free, and large-scale Internet Archive library
  • Ownership and management

    Information about the ownership and management of IJRRAS is clearly indicated on the journal’s website; ensuring that there is no misleading information about the nature of the journal’s owner.

    The web site

    The journal’s website, including the text that it contains, clearly demonstrates that care has been taken to ensure high ethical and professional standards. It does not contain information that might mislead readers or authors. The ‘Aims & Scope’ statement is displayed on the IJRRAS website homepage and the readership is clearly defined. There is a clear statement in the Author Guidelines based on what this journal will consider for publication including authorship criteria (e.g., not considering plagarised, multiple redundant publications). The journal’ ISSN is clearly displayed on the website's homepage.

    Publishing schedule

    The journal is published quaterly (i.e., four volumes per year). New articles are added to it with the passage of time untill the volume is closed.

    Name of the journal

    International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences is a unique name (registered with ISSN in 2009) and famous in the research community. It is not one that might be easily confused with another journal or that might mislead potential authors and readers about IJRRAS’s origin or association with other journals.